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Encountering Development. Arturo Escobar. Economic Development. Michael P. The Dragon's Gift. The strategy pools the benefits and resources of different programmes and is expected to facilitate access to the labour market and strengthen labour justice enforcement. A new Formal Promotion Program will train and place workers in formal jobs. A new tax regime for micro and small firms was created to provide an entry to formality by allowing them to be completely incorporated in the general tax regime after ten years. Evidence suggests this new tax regime, along with "Go Formal" campaigning efforts, is having a positive effect.
Around 4. Humans are social creatures. The frequency of our contact with others and the quality of our personal relationships are thus crucial determinants of our well-being. A strong social network, or community, can provide emotional support during both good and bad times as well as provide access to jobs, services and other material opportunities.
OECD Economic Surveys: Mexico - OECD - Google книги
A weak social network can result in limited economic opportunities, a lack of contact with others, and eventually, feelings of isolation. Socially isolated individuals face difficulties integrating into society as a contributing member and fulfilling personal aspirations. A well-educated and well-trained population is essential for a country's social and economic well-being.
Education plays a key role in providing individuals with the knowledge, skills and competences needed to participate effectively in society and in the economy. Having a good education greatly improves the likelihood of finding a job and earning enough money. Graduating from upper secondary education has become increasingly important in all countries, as the skills needed in the labour market are becoming more knowledge-based. High-school graduation rates therefore provide a good indication of whether a country is preparing its students to meet the minimum requirements of the job market.
But graduation rates, while important, speak little to the quality of education received. In , PISA focused on examining students' reading ability, as research shows that reading skills are more reliable predictors of economic and social well-being than the number of years spent in school. The best-performing school systems manage to provide high-quality education to all students.
OECD Economic Surveys: Mexico 2013
Mexico has implemented various reforms in recent years to improve educational attainment and outcomes. These reforms have prioritised a competence oriented curriculum, the professionalisation of educators, and made the evaluation and assessment system more transparent and accountable. Mexico has introduced mandatory full time education for all children aged and is aiming for universal coverage by To support this transition Mexico has promoted a Full Time Schools Program, which should be fully implemented by The programme is expected to reach 40 schools and benefit approximately five million students.
Although comparatively low to OECD countries, Mexico's educational attainment and outcomes have improved since Upper secondary graduation rates increased by 14 percentage points over the same period. Since , PISA scores in mathematics have also improved among boys and girls by 30 and 26 points respectively. The quality of our local living environment has a direct impact on our health and well-being. Outdoor air pollution is one important environmental issue that directly affects the quality of people's lives.
Air pollution in urban centres, often caused by transport and the use of small-scale burning of wood or coal, is linked to a range of health problems, from minor eye irritation to upper respiratory symptoms in the short-term and chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma, cardiovascular diseases and lung cancer in the long-term. Children and the elderly may be particularly vulnerable. Access to clean water is fundamental to human well-being. Despite significant progress in OECD countries in reducing water pollution, improvements in freshwater quality are not always easy to discern.
Over the last decade, Mexico has shown a high commitment to green growth challenges and has set ambitious emission reduction targets. A carbon tax on fuels was introduced in and the retail price of gasoline and diesel will be raised until Gasoline prices will then be liberalised and determined by market conditions in Trust in government is essential for social cohesion and well-being.
High voter turnout is a measure of citizens' participation in the political process. Broader public engagement in the decision-making process is also important for holding the government to account and maintaining confidence in public institutions. The formal process for public engagement in developing laws and regulations is one way to measure the extent to which people can become involved in government decisions on key issues that affect their lives.
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In Mexico, the level of stakeholder engagement in developing regulations is 3. The Mexican government is using the web to enhance citizen participation and simplify access to public services and information. The online platform gob. The government anticipates the use of this website will boost efficiency, transform processes and improve public engagement. The Mexican government asked citizens to give them ideas on how to improve its mobile application services for taxpayers.
The Revenue Service opened the design of its mobile application and managed a public contest, in partnership with a local NGO. The main goal was to enable citizens to do their tax transactions "anytime, anywhere, on any device.